Basic Dog Training Steps Every Beginner Should Know

Training a dog requires patience, persistence, and plenty of time to work with the dog. The first step should always be to assess the dog’s problem. This can be done by visiting your veterinarian for a medical checkup or by observing the dog’s behavior over time to see if there are any noticeable patterns.

dog training

From there, it is important to evaluate the environment in which the dog lives: find out if you want to make any changes at home or anywhere else that might be influencing the dog’s behaviors. If not, then it is time to set up training sessions with a professional trainer who can teach you how to train your specific breed of dog- whether this means going through basic obedience commands or coming up with more individualized training plans designed specifically for your pet.

Basic Training Steps

The first step in training your dog is to create a positive association with the command you want them to learn. This can be done by offering them a treat or praise whenever they respond correctly to the command.

The next step is to start teaching your dog the actual command. For example, if you want them to learn how to sit, you would say the word “sit” and then gently push their hind end down into a sitting position. Once they are in the correct position, give them the treat or praise.

It is important to be consistent with your commands and only give the command once. If you give the command multiple times, your dog will get confused and will not be sure what you are asking them to do.

It is also important to practice the commands in different settings and with different distractions. This will help your dog learn that they need to respond to the command no matter what else is going on around them.

By following these basic steps, you can start training your dog and teaching them new commands.


One of the most important steps in training a dog is socialization. This means exposing them to a variety of people, places, and experiences. This helps them to become well-rounded and less fearful of new things. Socialization can be started at any age, but it is best to start early.

There are a number of ways to socialize a dog. Taking them for walks in different neighborhoods, taking them to the dog park, and enrolling them in doggy daycare are all great ways to socialize your pup. It is important to expose them to as many different people, dogs, and situations as possible. This will help them to be confident and comfortable in any situation.

Socialization is an important part of training a dog and should not be overlooked. It is best to start early and expose them to as many different people, places, and experiences as possible.

Leash Training

Leash training is one of the most important basic dog training steps that every beginner should know. A dog that is properly leash trained will be a joy to take on walks and will not be a danger to themselves or others.

There are a few things that you need to keep in mind when leash training your dog. First, you need to make sure that you use a leash that is comfortable for your dog. A too-tight leash can be painful for your dog, and a too-loose leash can be dangerous if your dog gets tangled up in it or runs away. Second, you need to be patient when leash training your dog. It may take some time for your dog to get used to walking on a leash, but eventually they will get the hang of it.

Start by letting your dog get used to the feel of the leash around their neck. Put the leash on them and let them walk around the house with it on. Do not try to pull them or hold them back at this point. Just let them get used to the feel of the leash.

Housebreaking/Crate Training

One of the most important things you need to do when you get a new dog is housebreaking them, also known as crate training. Crate training is when you confine your dog to a small space, such as a crate or kennel, when you cannot supervise them. This will help teach them to hold their bladder and not have accidents in the house.

Here are some tips for crate training your dog:

-Choose the right size crate for your dog. It should be big enough for them to stand up and turn around in, but not so big that they can use one end as a bathroom.
– Put something soft, like a blanket or towel, in the crate for your dog to lie on.
– Put the crate in a quiet area of the house where your dog can relax.
– Start by letting your dog spend short periods of time in the crate while you are home with them. Gradually increase the amount of time they spend in there until they are comfortable being in there for up to eight hours at a time.
– When you leave the house, put your dog in their crate with a toy or treat to keep them occupied.

Basic Commands

One of the first things you need to do when training your dog is to teach them basic commands. This includes commands like sit, stay, come, and down. These commands will help you to control your dog and get them to do what you want them to do.

It is important to be consistent with your commands. This means using the same word for the same command every time. You should also use a firm voice when giving the command. Dogs respond best to this type of voice.

When teaching your dog a new command, it is important to start with small steps. For example, if you are teaching your dog to sit, start by getting them to sit for just a few seconds. Then gradually increase the amount of time they have to stay in the sitting position.

It is also important to rewards your dog when they do what you want them to do. This can be in the form of treats, petting, or verbal praise. Rewards will help to reinforce good behavior and make your dog more likely to obey commands in the future.

Playtime with Your Dog

One of the best ways to bond with your dog and train them at the same time is to play with them. Dogs love to play, and by playing with your dog, you can teach them important skills like obedience and socialization. There are a variety of different games you can play with your dog, and you can even make up your own games. Just make sure that whatever game you choose, it is safe for your dog and that you supervise them at all times.

Chewing Etiquette

One of the most important things you can teach your dog is chewing etiquette. This means teaching your dog not to chew on things that are not meant for them to chew on. This includes your furniture, clothing, shoes, and anything else that is not a toy or treat.

There are a few different ways you can teach your dog chewing etiquette. One way is to give them plenty of chew toys and treats, and praise them when they chew on these items. Another way is to redirect their chewing behavior by giving them a toy or treat when they start to chew on something they shouldn’t. You can also use negative reinforcement, such as scolding or squirting them with water, when they chew on something they shouldn’t.

Whatever method you use, it is important to be consistent. If you only sometimes give your dog a toy or treat when they chew on something they shouldn’t, they will be confused and may not learn the desired behavior. With patience and consistency, you can teach your dog proper chewing etiquette.

Behavior Correction Techniques

There are several behavior correction techniques that every beginner should know when training their dog. One of the most important techniques is positive reinforcement. This involves rewarding your dog for good behavior with treats, praise, or petting. Another technique is negative reinforcement, which involves using aversive stimuli to punish bad behavior. This can include scolding your dog or spraying them with water.

Another important technique is called shaping. This involves rewarding your dog for getting closer and closer to the desired behavior. For example, if you want your dog to sit, you would first reward them for standing still. Then you would reward them for putting their hind legs down. Finally, you would reward them for sitting all the way down.

These are just a few of the basic training techniques every beginner should know. With patience and practice, you can teach your dog almost anything!


Mastering these basic dog training steps will give you a great foundation on which to build more advanced skills with your furry friend. From teaching your dog how to sit and stay, to learning how to walk on a leash without pulling, these essential tips will have you well on your way to having a well-behaved pup in no time. Do you have any other tips for training beginners? Share them with us in the comments below!

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